Typhoid fever spreads through the consumption of contaminated food and water or through close contact with someone who is infected. Typhoid is suspected when there is persistent high fever, headache, abdominal pain and diarrhea or constipation.
Any kind of infection isn’t good for pregnancy as it can affect the fetus adversely. Normally in typhoid, the patient experiences a loss of appetite and also is put on a liquid diet and this can deprive the mother with the essential nutrients that is required for the proper fetal development. Typhoid fever could lead to anemia which can also affect the fetus. Therefore, it is best to prevent the fever from occurring by paying attention to hygiene and eating freshly cooked foods during pregnancy. In case, you do get typhoid fever during pregnancy then consult your doctor immediately because a quick treatment will avoid any distress and complications in the pregnancy.
Once signs and symptoms do appear, you are likely to experience fever often as high as 39° or 40° C, headache, weakness and fatigue, sore throat, abdominal pain, diarrhea or constipation.
Diagnosis of typhoid fever in pregnancy
Typhoid is diagnosed by a blood test. The blood test will come back as positive only after the fifth day of fever. Testing for typhoid before the fifth day of fever is not useful.
Treatment of typhoid fever in pregnancy
Women who are pregnant respond well to amoxicillin or ceftriaxone injections. Ciproflaxin is not recommended in pregnancy. There are few medications that are safe to take during your pregnancy, and your doctor will prescribe you the right medicines. Medicines should be take for about seven to fourteen days depending on the severity of the fever.
Diet to be taken during typhoid fever
- Drink a lot of fluids – Drinking fluids helps prevent from dehydration that is generally associated with typhoid fever due to prolonged fever and diarrhea. You must take oral rehydration salts to keep you hydrated an also will help replace all the salts that were drained from the body. Coconut water is also very good to keep you rehydrated. If you cannot drink a lot of fluids or feel like throwing up every time you try drinking something, then you will need to take in fluid through your vein.
- Eat a healthy diet – During typhoid fever, it is best to consume a low fiber, low fat, non-spicy, minimal oil diet. Consume foods that will be easy on your digestive system.
Prevent infecting others
These following measures will help prevent others in the family from getting infected.
- Wash your hands regularly. This is the best way to avoid the infection from spreading to others. Wash your hands with plenty of hot and soapy water and scrub thoroughly for at least 30 seconds. You must ensure that you wash your hands especially before eating and after using the toilet.
- Avoid preparing food for others until your doctor says you are no longer contagious.
- Keep personal items separately such as towels, bed linen and utensils and wash them frequently in hot, soapy water. Heavily soiled items can be soaked for a while first in a disinfectant.